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Plan of Ephesus and city walls
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Plan of Ephesus and city walls


     After Alexander, many Anatolian cities were rebuilt or renewed, as they were quite rich as money and human power. Ephesus was one of them. The new dimensions created by Hippodomos from Miletos, were quite liked by people and the practice areas spread to Mediterranean countries starting from the 5th century (B.C). Hippodomos first draw the plan of priene on 475-450 years (B.C), after a short period he does the another plan during the renewal of Miletos. The plan was called Hippodomik plan and was used after 200 years in Ephesus by Lysimakhos wish. The main characteristic of it was the streets and avenues crossed each other with right angles. This plan was not implemented anywhere else as correct as here. the streets were done straight without caring hills or holes. The slope were terraced and the buildings were arranged orderly. The holy street, which goes around the mountain Pion and takes different names at different parts, does not fit to Hippodomik plan. Plan connects the small settlement by the harbour, and Smyrna to Artemis Temple. Thatswhy this road was mentioned as holy way. Porticos at the sides of marble road were for pedestrians. They were covered with a wooden roof to protect them from rain in winter and sun in summer. The middle was for cars. Footprints of cars on the marbles in front of the theatre can still be seen today. Many parts were repaired after the earthquakes happened in the middle of the 4th century.

   The walls of the city stretches from the Magnesia door at the east end of Ephesus to south and north. The people who goes to South, ends at the tower called St. Paulos prison by going towards west from top of the mountains which are overlooking to Ephesus. It is not right to call this tower the St. Poulos prison as the saint was not prisoned in Ephesus. The walls at the other side of the door, goes around the skirts of the Mount Korresos and ends at the harbour.